The first Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to the German physicist, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen "in recognition of the extraordinary services he has rendered by the discovery of the remarkable rays (or x-rays)." That was in 1901. A hundred and thirteen awardees later, another magnificent discovery was given recognition and that is the LED light or the light emitting diode. It is said to be “mankind’s greatest invention”. The blue LED inventors and Nobel Prize awardees are Professor Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura.
The Nobel Prize for Physiology and Medicine is awarded to three neuroscientist, two of them are the fifth married couple in the Nobel Prize history to win an award together, Maybritt Moser, director of the Centre for Neural Computation at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, and her husband Edvard I Moser, director of the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience, also at the university. The third scientist is Professor John O’Keefe of University College London.
Patrick Modiano, a French author, receives the award for Nobel Prize in Literature “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation.” He has also received numerous prestigious literary awards in France such as the Goncourt and had written Oscar-nominated screenplays, too.
The discovery of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain led the professor of chemistry and applied physics from Stanford University, William E Moerner, Eric Betzig of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stefan W Hell of the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry and the German Cancer Research Center to the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
And finally, the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai “for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.” Kailash Satyarthi’s works for the Indian children’s rights and globally campaigns against child labor. Malala Yousafzai is the youngest awardee, at age 17. She stood up against the Talibans who banned schooling for girls, was shot but survived to continue her work.